But who, exactly, was catherine ii, catherine the great, empress of russia none of those titles were known, or even likely, when she was born in 1729 in prussia. Catherine the great, also known as catherine ii was a female leader of russia known for revitalizing the country and making it one of the great powers of europe during her reign. Catherine ii (1729 - 1796), known as catherine the great, was the empress of the russian empire for a period of 34 years from 1762 till her death in 1796, making her the longest-ruling female leader in the history of russia. Renowned as catherine the great, empress of all the russias, this remarkable woman was neither russian nor originally named catherine born sophie friederike auguste from anhalt-zerbst, she was indeed a princess, but one that came from an obscure and impoverished german duchy.
Catherine ii the great was born sophie augusta fredericka in 1729, a german princess who was sent to russia in a diplomatic prussian intrigue and grew more popular than the man she married, the. Alternative titles: catherine ii, sophie friederike auguste, prinzessin von anhalt-zerbst, yekaterina alekseyevna, yekaterina velikaya russia at the time was ruled by peter the great's daughter, the empress elizabeth, whose 20-year reign greatly stabilized the monarchy devoted to much pleasure. On december 23, 1791, catherine ii (the great), the empress of russia, authorized the creation of the pale of settlement, an area in the western part of the empire in which jewish subjects would be required to reside the borders of the pale, which was abolished formally only in 1917, changed. Catherine i empress catherine i was the second wife of peter i the great and the first empress of russia in power from 1725 to 1727 peter iii russian emperor peter iii ruled for only six months he was groomed for the throne of sweden, but was destined to become the russian emperor.
In 1780, the son of holy roman empress maria theresa, emperor joseph ii, toyed with the idea of determining whether or not to enter an alliance with russia, and asked to meet catherine potemkin had the task of briefing him and travelling with him to saint petersburg. The russian empress catherine ii, known as catherine the great, reigned from 1762 to 1796 she expanded the russian empire, improved administration, and energetically pursued the policy of westernization (the process of changing to western ideas and traditions. The reign of catherine ii (1762-1796) and the development of russian government and society under her rule have been explored many times by scholars and by popular writers on the one hand, there.
Catherine's reign was marked by vast territorial expansion, which greatly added to russia's coffers but did little to alleviate the suffering of her people. Sophie friederike auguste von anhalt-zerbst was born on 2 may 1729 in stettin, then part of prussia (now szczecin in poland), the daughter of a minor german prince in 1745, after being received. Gladys s thomson, catherine the great and the expansion of russia (1947), provides a useful, brief survey of catherine's reign kazimierz waliszewski, the romance of an empress: catherine ii of russia (1894), is still a fascinating and important work.
Catherine the great summary: born on may 2, 1729 in prussia, yekaterina alexeevna, later known as catherine ii and catherine the great, became empress of russia in 1762 and was instrumental in revitalizing russia and establishing it as a great european power catherine began her reign after the. In this struggle, catherine ii of russia was among the leaders who practiced what has been called enlightened despotism (1) although catherine did not strive to realize an enlightenment utopia, she and her advisers used whatever enlightenment ideas would help in achieving her goal of modernizing russia (2. The life of the russian empress ekaterina ii (catherine the great), a german born princess who came to russia as bride for the young peter iii, chosen by his aunt. Catherine the great is a 1995 german television movie based on the life of empress catherine ii of russia the biopic stars catherine zeta-jones, brian blessed and paul mcgann the biopic stars catherine zeta-jones, brian blessed and paul mcgann. She met her future husband, the grand duke peter, on a trip to russia at the invitation of empress elizabeth, peter's mother, who ruled russia after taking power in a coup elizabeth, though married, was childless and had named the grand duke peter as her heir to the russian throne.
Catherine was the first woman to rule imperial russia, opening the legal path for a century almost entirely dominated by women, including her daughter elizabeth and granddaughter-in-law catherine the great, all of whom continued peter the great's policies in modernizing russia. Catherine ii, also known as catherine the great, was an empress of russia who ruled from 1762-1796, the longest reign of any female russian leader. Astute action by the empress and powerful military figures saved her throne, but the public imagination was stirred by these potential usurpers, who, unlike the foreign-born catherine, were russian.